發布日期：2021-01-01 12:22:43 來源：江西中公考研}
With the global population predicted to hit close to 10 billion by 2050, and forecasts that agricultural production in some regions will need to nearly double to keep pace, food security is increasingly making headlines. In the UK, it has become a big talking point recently too, for a rather particular reason: Brexit.
Brexit is seen by some as an opportunity to reverse a recent trend towards the UK importing food. The country produces only about 60 per cent of the food it eats, down from almost three-quarters in the late 1980s. A move back to self-sufficiency, the argument goes, would boost the farming industry, political sovereignty and even the nation’s health. Sounds great—but how feasible is this vision?
According to a report on UK food production from the University of Leeds, UK, 85 per cent of the country’s total land area is associated with meat and dairy production. That supplies 80 per cent of what is consumed, so even covering the whole country in livestock farms wouldn’t allow us to cover all our meat and dairy needs.
There are many caveats to those figures, but they are still grave. To become much more self-sufficient, the UK would need to drastically reduce its consumption of animal foods, and probably also farm more intensively—meaning fewer green fields, and more factory-style production.
But switching to a mainly plant-based diet wouldn’t help. There is a good reason why the UK is dominated by animal husbandry: most of its terrain doesn’t have the right soil or climate to grow crops on a commercial basis. Just 25 per cent of the country’s land is suitable for crop-growing, most of which is already occupied by arable fields. Even if we converted all the suitable land to fields of fruit and veg—which would involve taking out all the nature reserves and removing thousands of people from their homes—we would achieve only a 30 per cent boost in crop production.
Just 23 per cent of the fruit and vegetables consumed in the UK are currently home-grown, so even with the most extreme measures we could meet only 30 per cent of our fresh produce needs. That is before we look for the space to grow the grains, sugars, seeds and oils that provide us with the vast bulk of our current calorie intake.
26. Some people argue that food self-sufficiency in the UK would .
A. be hindered by its population growth
B. contribute to the nation’s well-being
C. become a priority of the government
D. pose a challenge to its farming industry
27. The report by the University of Leeds shows that in the UK .
A. farmland has been inefficiently utilized
B. factory-style production needs reforming
C. most land is used for meat and dairy production
D. more green fields will be converted for farming
28. Crop-growing in the UK is restricted due to .
A. its farming technology
B. its dietary tradition
C. its natural conditions
D. its commercial interests
29. It can be learned from the last paragraph that British people .
A. rely largely on imports for fresh produce
B. enjoy a steady rise in fruit consumption
C. are seeking effective ways to cut calorie intake
D. are trying to grow new varieties of grains
30. The author’s attitude to food self-sufficiency in the UK is .
26.【答案】B(contribute to the nation’s well-being)
【解析】本題為細節題。根據題干關鍵詞food self-sufficiency定位到第二段③句：A move back to self-sufficiency, the argument goes, would boost the farming industry, political sovereignty and even the nation’s health。contribute to是對boost的同義替換，well-being是對health的同義替換。所以本題選B。
27.【答案】C(most land is used for meat and dairy production)
【解析】本題為細節題。根據題干關鍵詞The report by the University of Leeds定位到第三段①句：According to a report on UK food production from the University of Leeds, UK, 85 per cent of the country’s total land area is associated with meat and dairy production。most land is used for meat and dairy production對應85 per cent of the country’s total land area is associated with meat and dairy production。所以本題選C。
28.【答案】C(its natural conditions)
【解析】本題為細節題。根據題干關鍵詞Crop-growing is restricted先定位到第五段③句：Just 25 per cent of the country’s land is suitable for crop-growing, most of which is already occupied by arable fields，但該句并沒有解釋英國農作物種植受限的原因。②句指出，“英國以畜牧業為主是有充分理由的：其大部分地區的土壤或氣候不適合農作物商業化種植”(There is a good reason why the UK is dominated by animal husbandry: most of its terrain doesn’t have the right soil or climate to grow crops on a commercial basis)，由此可得知，英國農作物種植受限是因為其缺少適合的土壤和氣候，屬于自然環境因素。natural conditions是對soil or climate的概括。所以本題選C。
29.【答案】A(rely largely on imports for fresh produce)
【解析】本題為細節題。根據題干中的the last paragraph模糊定位到最后一段，①句指出，“目前，英國人食用的果蔬中只有23%是本土產出的，因此，盡管我們用盡所有的方法，也只能滿足30%的新鮮農產品需求”(Just 23 per cent of the fruit and vegetables consumed in the UK are currently home-grown, so even with the most extreme measures we could meet only 30 per cent of our fresh produce needs.)，由此可得知，英國人對新鮮農產品的需求不能僅僅依靠國內提供，大部分要依賴于進口。所以本題選A。
【解析】本題為態度題。題干中的關鍵詞food self-sufficiency為本文話題詞，首次出現在第二段③句，然后④句對此提出問題：聽起來不錯——但這種(自給自足的)愿景可行嗎?(Sounds great—but how feasible is this vision?)。隨后，作者從第三段到最后一段一直在論證自給自足的困難，由此可得知，作者的態度更傾向于懷疑。所以本題選B。